A few months ago, I talked about some of Leroy’s flaws and the difficulty that presented when I went on a vacation. While he is of course the apple of my eye, he is also the most challenging dog I’ve ever had the pleasure of working with. I am a dog trainer at PetSmart and have had enough fosters and short term guests to know- Leroy is not your average dog. He excels at being the Worst Dog at Puppy School; but he typically is one of the smartest and often knows the most commands. About a year ago, we started training class at Opportunity Barks. We did one day of Real World Manners, but our amazing trainer Michaela was smart enough to know that Leroy had the whole curriculum mastered. While it was hard for him to be in a new place around strange dogs, he buzzed past the Watch Me’s and Down’s with ease. She suggested that we move into a Self Control class to work on well, self control. He was, as I’ve become used to, the Worst Puppy in school. But we enjoyed the class and learned a lot. A year later, we are enrolled in Reactive Rover. I had a brief moment of excitement- “HEY! These are all of the Worst Puppies in school! It’s a class just for them! Maybe my baby Le Le won’t look like a ‘crazy Pit Bull’. They will understand!” Well, my boy is still the Worst Puppy. 😦 He has epic meltdowns that involve whining, crying, barking, and lunging. He did this all in Reactive Rover on Week 1, when he was shown the stuffed decoy dog. Yes- stuffed.
And yes- this is the same dog that I call a “pretty gosh darn excellent foster brother”. So how does it all fit together? How can he be so patient with fosters but so terrible with an innocent stuffed dog? How can he be so good at his Sit Stays, but so bad at “keeping his shit together”?! Well.. I’m going to get to the bottom of it all!
The first thing that I want to explain is a fancy word called “threshold”. When Leroy is trying to attack a stuffed animal- barking, whining, lunging- he is over his threshold. I have been reading about this fancy word and I decided to email our expert trainer, Michaela, because I was a bit confused. Here is her wonderful insight!
“Threshold” is used to differentiate between the state in which your dog can still “think” and respond vs. when arousal level makes it impossible for them to be responsive. Neurologically, your dog is using a part of the brain and nervous system that goes with the basic “fight-flight-freeze” survival instinct. If you imagine yourself, say, responding to a robber in your home, your body goes into survival mode (e.g. pumping adrenaline, etc) and relies heavily on action-not thought. It’s a more primitive bodily reaction that is important to survival but which actually suppresses the decision making part of the brain.
As a dog’s arousal level rises, you see changes like muscle tension, ear and tail position changes, body weight forward, faster breathing, brief “stillness”, staring and targeting, etc…Once a dog goes “over-threshold”, he’s having a full barking-lunging meltdown, acting purely on survival instinct. Little can be learned in this highly adrenalized state because the “higher thinking” part of the brain is suppressed for optimal survival mode. So learning must be done sub-threshold (that is, when arousal levels are low to moderate, but not over-the-top).
So, yes, Leroy is challenging because he goes over-threshold very quickly, once outside. However, he’s making great progress at being able to “come down” more quickly in classes. I hope this helps a bit!
So there you have it! Threshold is like ‘fight or flight panic’. It’s all just too much stress and stimulation for my little Pudding Face to handle. Therefore he has his special meltdowns and looks like an arse. 😉 Another reason that Leroy has so much trouble doing things outside of his comfort zone is because of his past. Leroy was a lawn ornament. He was chained. We can only speculate on how long and how severe his circumstances were, but we do know that he was found with the heavy burden of his past life.
Because of his past as a chained dog, Leroy struggles with something called “Leash Reactivity”. This is actually a pretty common problem among dogs, but especially an issue with dogs that lived with the long term frustration of being at ‘the end of their chain’ every day. Imagine for a moment that you are given an 5 foot radius to live in. Then picture a sweet smelling flower, or exciting squirrel, or happy human face- standing right past that boundary. I would not enjoy that. So when Leroy is on his leash and I’m not letting him go any further, he feels severe frustration and aggression. If I wanted to use my imagination a bit more, I would say that maybe his
childhood puppyhood memories of a cold lonely yard come flooding back. And he remembers how terrible it was to be stuck in one place without love or freedom or stuffed kongs. My point is, I would be unhappy about being on a leash too.
(pre-rescue) Tofu was also a chained dog
I was worried that Leroy’s general stress level and anxiety was one of the main reasons he was not making any progress. So I talked to Michaela and she agreed that it was time to see a Veterinarian Behaviorist. Most trainers or behaviorists that I’ve talked to seem to think that medication is very over-prescribed, and often used by people who are
lazy not committed to training. However, Michaela said that she supported my decision and hoped that it would help. As it sounds, a vet behaviorist is someone who is both a certified behaviorist and trainer, and a fully registered vet. The best of both worlds! So we went to Dr. Reisner for a professional opinion. Here is Leroy’s list of issues, written by a professional.
- Generalized anxiety
- Fear-related aggression
- Tentative: Predatory behavior
Holy Issues! I knew Leroy was the Worst Puppy, but gosh. Dr. Reisner said that she was very impressed with me and Leroy. We are a good team. He was a bit of a nut case during our consult (as expected, because it was a new place). But he was a good boy and listened to my commands and hand signals while I talked to the doctor. At one point I gave him the hand signal for Quiet- putting my finger to my lips (Leroy was whining like a baby about being in a strange office and not getting enough attention from the doctor). Dr. Reisner said, “Does he know what that means?” Leroy was trying very hard to listen to me because I had my trusty treat pouch, and he was sitting silently waiting for his reward. I thought, “How silly, why would I be doing it if he didn’t know what it means!” But apparently he proved to her that he is a very smart puppy, even though he was also being the Worst Puppy.
So what happens next? Dr. Reisner decided that Leroy is in fact a good candidate for medication. He is currently on 20mg a day of Prozac to help manage his generalized anxiety. Prozac takes 4-6 weeks to become effective, so we haven’t seen any changes yet. But I’m keeping a close eye on him for side effects or positive changes. Dr. Reisner also seemed to think that our training skills were really great- not that there isn’t always room for improvement. This made me proud of my boy but also sad, as he was flopping around the exam room like a stressed and anxious fish out of water. He was unhappy, as he usually is when we do something new. He did not enjoy this or find it a fun adventure. He was stressed.
Above all, I want my dog to be happy. If he doesn’t like new places or new people or new anything, that’s OK with me. If he can never happily go on a walk without thinking that the world is out to get him, then we won’t go on walks. He can stay with me in his “happy place”, also known as my bedroom. But at the end of the day, I want to know that I gave it my all. I want to say that “Yes, I have a dog with issues. I did my best to work through them and make him more comfortable in the big scary world we live in. I accept him and understand his issues. And I love him anyway.”
A big *thank you* to Michaela at Opportunity Barks and Dr. Reisner for all the help and support ❤